The Cambridge Assessment International Education mathematics framework provides a comprehensive set of progressive learning objectives for mathematics. The objectives detail what the learner should know or what they should be able to do in each year of Primary education. The learning objectives provide a structure for teaching and learning and a reference against which learners’ ability and understanding can be checked.

The Cambridge Primary mathematics curriculum is presented in five content areas: number, geometry, measure, handling data and problem solving. The first four content areas are all underpinned by problem solving, which describes using techniques and skills and the application of understanding and strategies in solving problems. Mental strategies are also a key part of the number content. This curriculum focuses on principles, patterns, systems, functions and relationships so that learners can apply their mathematical knowledge and develop a holistic understanding of the subject. The Cambridge Primary mathematics curriculum framework provides a solid foundation upon which the later stages of education can be built.

The substrands are

  • Number: Numbers; the number system
  • Calculation: Mental strategies; addition and subtraction; multiplication and division
  • Geometry: Shapes and geometric reasoning; position and movement; measure; money; length; mass and capacity
  • Handling data: Organising; categorising and representing data; probability
  • Problem solving: Using techniques and skills in solving mathematical problems; using understanding and strategies in solving problems

Cambridge Primary Mathematics Outline